Some premises before we start:
- The Chin Na are not a substitute for other fighting techniques (knees, etc.) but rather a complement (kicks and punches are simpler to apply and simplicity is a winning card in a fight)
- Against a skilled opponent, Chin Na is difficult to apply (he probably knows, counterattacks, liberations, etc.), if we do not have spatial intelligence, conditioned limbs, instant adaptation capability, speed, deception ability (etc.) their use can be deleterious
- Not all Chin Na work with all opponents; if from one side the best techniques largely outweigh the tolerance of naturally flexible people, on the other side, we may find a limit of effectiveness facing highly conditioned practitioners (we talk about contortionism)
- Chin Na works better when the opponent is not aware of what we want to do (he does not have the time, he has been deceived, etc.); in the other cases, even a middle-level fighter may be able to withstand, react or get rid of them
At the base of the Chin Na are the following compositional elements:
- Equilibrium and rooting, more our pose (or movement) is stable more we can apply our technique; on the other hand, more rooting we are able to subtract to the opponent more opportunities we will have to completely control him
- The ability of our limbs to interact with the opponent (grasp, wrap, compress, twist, push, pull, align, etc.) in a coordinated, fast, natural, intense, safe and extremely precise way
- Position, we must occupy spaces that keep us safe from opponent’s reactions (counterattack, sudden release, etc.) throughout the application of the technique
- Knowledge of the mechanics of the levers and the human anatomy, through which always find the way to subdue the opponent (eg. through the use of a small force against a larger one)
- The ability to block / trap dynamically the opposing action; If we are not able to stop / parry / divert / etc. an attack or to impose our own initiative the Chin Na techniques are completely useless
- Practical experience (active and passive); only with a constant training and experimentation we can gain the proper mastery of physiological concepts behind the Chin Na
The Chin Na work on tendons, muscles, bones, cavities (etc.) we will see how through various techniques and examples but first, we will expose the ideal exercises to bring our psychophysical skills to the right level.
Author: Master Kongling
Founder of 6 Dragons Kung Fu.