Complete glossary of Kung Fu terminology

About this glossary

This is the first part of a list of terms (with rapid definitions) related to what we talk in our tutorials, courses, guides, lessons and articles:

  • 6 Dragons Kung Fu
  • Kung Fu
  • Self-defense
  • Martial arts in general

We will constantly update this page.

B

  • breakfalls – They are controlled falling methods present in a lot of martial arts and Kung Fu styles (useful also in daily life situations); their primary goal is to preserve the body integrity eliminating or limiting its damaging while entering in contact, for example, with the ground; during a combat, their secondary intent is, when possible, to allow the practitioner to gain a more favorable position (read Everything you should know about breakfalls)

C

  • Chin Na (or Qinna or Chinna) – It is a set of advanced techniques (typical of various Kung Fu styles, first of all, Tai Chi) that allows the practitioner to block, damage or even take the life of the opponent; depending on the style they include more or fewer types of methods (pressure points, strangulations, etc.) but generally they refer to the capability to take and control of joints (breaking, dislocating, etc., read Chin Na)
  • Constant Attention – In 6 Dragons Kung Fu, is a skill that, once acquired, allows the practitioner to passively and constantly scan the scenario where it is in search of dangers and opportunities (read Avert dangers: the concept of constant attention); the good thing is that the process of evaluation of the data recovered happens instinctively and in a completely relaxed manner (eg. while we are talking with friends, etc.)

D

  • Dragon Motion – In 6 Dragons Kung Fu, it represents various types of swirling movements that allow the practitioner to hide the loading of the blows, to become more unpredictable, to better apply trapping techniques and much more (read Dragon Motion: the swirling movements)

M

  • muscle chain – It is a way to sequentially connect the work of human body elements; the idea is to sum their power and exploiting the potential of otherwise excluded muscle groups; in 6 Dragons Kung Fu we have various types of muscle chains but the common aspect is that they are guided by the breathing (read Use the body power: the muscle chain)

O

  • overall view – In any type of scenario, it is the capability to visually catch, evaluate and elaborate all the relevant details in our vision field (instantly and without the need to focus on every single element); it is a skill at the base of the constant attention

P

  • Persistent Movements – In 6 Dragons Kung Fu, they refer to the capability to adapt the type of state of our body (solid, liquid, etc.) to the contact with the elements of the scenario (an obstacle, an opponent’s limb, etc., read Advanced concepts: the Persistent Movements)

S

  • S.A.F.E. Method – It is an acronym to rapidly describe and remember the order of action of our self-defense method; the “S” stay for “safety” (prevention), the “A” for “argument” (negotiation), the “F” for “flee” (escape) and the “E” for “engage” (fight); read Personal defense: the S.A.F.E. method
  • scenario – In our explanations, it always refers to the environment where a self-defense or combat situation (eg. a fighting cage or a bank during a robbery) occurs; in our method, we focus on maintaining constant passive attention on everything is and happens inside of it to exploit them at our favor (potentially we always are in a combat scenario)
  • striking techniques – In martial arts, they represent the set of attack techniques with bare hands through impact (like punches, kicks, elbows, etc.; it does not include joint levers, throws, etc.)

T

  • throwing techniques – In martial arts, they represent the set of attack techniques that provides a full-body manipulation, that includes, for examples, a throw or a falling of the opponent (such as tripping, sweeps, etc.)
  • trapping – In martial arts (especially in Wing Chun and in Bruce Lee’s Jeet Kune Do), it refers to the capability to intervene in the opponent’s action intercepting his action; (read Trapping)

W

  • warrior’s breathing (or Ujjayi Pranayama) – It is a noisy type of breathing (that comes from Yoga) that we deeply implement for training, combat and relaxation purposes; it allows the practitioner to manage the thermal exchanges, to sync the muscle chain, to express higher power and much more (read Breathe Yoga: the warrior’s breathing)

Author: Master Kongling

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