Sparring type 4: multiple opponents

The fourth type of sparring we are studying serves to familiarize ourselves with the idea (extreme but unfortunately common in street situations) to face more opponents simultaneously.

In a first time, this type of confrontation must be run at moderate intensity (based on the level of the current “victim”) and always with controlled power; the idea is to develop skills such as spatial intelligence, strategy, timing, adaptability, deception, economization of energies (etc.).

Let’s see what are the rules of this type of sparring.


  • In addition to us we need at least 2-3 opponents
  • Scenario size must be at least 10x10m
  • The fighting scenario must have obstacles (small, large, mobile or immovable but not dangerous)
  • In the fight scenario, there must be some training / non-dangerous weapons (proper, improper, to be thrown, impact, cutting, etc.)
  • The opponents (armed or disarmed) attack as they prefer, their goal is to subdue us
  • Our goal is to stay free, save energy and fight our opponents (by exploiting combat strategies, the environment and everything that is in our favor)
  • Attackers must attack and try to immobilize us for 10 seconds (in this case we restart the game until the time is not ended)
  • The fight must always be imagined as real (this is not a game)
  • The battle (even if we win or we lose) do not stop and can last more than 30 minutes (minimum 2 minutes)
  • The roles are exchanged at the end of time

What we can do:

  • We can move completely freely between the obstacles
  • The attackers can hit us but absolutely without full power
  • Defenders and attackers can use weapons, obstacles, levers, punches, kicks, knees, elbows, etc. (in a controlled way)
  • The defender can simulate the use of killing strikes / techniques that must be validated by the instructor (if he approves them the “killed” aggressor must temporarily abandon the clash)
  • It is also possible (and encouraged) to use verbal and body deception

What we can not do:

  • The attackers can not simulate free hands killing techniques (only with weapons)
  • It is not allowed to bring any kind of technique to cause damage
  • We can not lead real shots on pressure points (lethal, pain, etc.)
  • If we use weapons the attacks must be very controlled

Main objectives:

  • The main goal is to teach our body to maintain a general control of the environment, its spaces and what is inside of it
  • Learn to economize energies, to breath correctly and to increase our resistance (cardio)
  • Learn to naturally use each element of the scenario (opponents, weapons, obstacles, etc.) at our advantage
  • Learn how to force the opponents to face us in an unpredictable / disadvantaged way and / or one at the time
  • Learn to give a priority to the opponents (by distance, level of skills, occasions, etc.)
  • Learn to recognize good occasions / space / time to act and use all kinds of deception
  • Learn to convert everything into neutral elements of the same type (more about this later)


  • Depending on the level of the fighters, can be used or not more or less complete protections (gloves, helmet, etc.)
  • Both who defend both the attackers must think to the safety of their companions (we must always think as a team)


  • We can increase the number of attackers and / or we can fight 2 vs. 2, 2 vs. 3-10 (etc.)
  • We can use an object to be caught as “trophy” (win who maintains its hold for more than 10 seconds, ideal for children’s training)
  • We can allow the aggressors to elaborate an accurate (and obviously secret) strategy to better prevail on us
  • To train disarming, we sometimes we can use fire weapons that shots at slow speed plastic spheres (wearing eyes protections)
  • We can start from advantage / disadvantage positions and / or conditions (in a lever position, with hands tied, at a close distance, encircled, lying on the ground, etc.)
  • In a first approach, the exercise can also be done without power and with simple pressures (as for the attackers as for the defender)
  • In the case of skill disparities, we can apply some other handicaps (more about this later)


  • With real attacks, this is not a good exercise for novices (the risk of injuries is very high), with soft pressures it is instead a good training
  • At the maximum difficulty, this type of sparring forges the ultimate level of 6DKF’s warrior
  • Doing only this kind of sparring is useless, we can not develop technique precision
  • As we have already said a lot of times, it is almost impossible to prevail over multiple (prepared) opponents, this is only an exercise (“we fight giants, to easily win normal people”)

In future articles of this series we will see the other types of training fight.

Author: Master Kongling

Founder of 6 Dragons Kung Fu.

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