Declared techniques, sparring and sport competition

The declared techniques. The (direct or implied) exchange of declared techniques is the most common and elementary form of training and allows the learning of particular mechanisms through a controlled application:

  • Sometimes there are protections but, except for the errors, there does not exist any danger
  • Typically this kind of training occur in adapted environments, protected and muffled (mats, padded walls, etc.)
  • Hits are brought to sign with technical care but without force or excessive speed (punches, kicks, ground fighting, etc.)
  • In case of use of weapons they are modified in a way that does not hurt and/or there are good protections (or at least, there is no real contact)
  • The goal is to learn and make our own a particular technique of struggle
  • The fight can end at any time (with voice calling, knocking on the ground or on the opponent)
  • The spirit of this confrontation is to work together to learn the techniques as a common aim
  • The voluntary exchange of declared techniques is of course legal, non-violent and often followed by an instructor or training partners
  • Emotional stress is null

The sparring. The sparring is a typical gym workout that follows the study of techniques to provide their “lighter” application:

  • In some cases there are protections (face, hands, genitals, teeth, etc.), in others do not
  • Typically these “clashes” occur in adapted environments, protected and muffled (mats, padded walls, etc.)
  • Hits are brought to sign with good speed and technique but without too much force (punching, kicking, ground fighting, etc.), no dangerous targets, no permanent damage
  • In case of use of weapons they are modified so as not to be lethal and / or large protections are worn (in any case the idea is not to make the biggest damage)
  • The aim is (in theory) to improve our technique of struggle and not to prevail on the opponent
  • The fight can end at any time (with voice calling, knocking on the ground or on the opponent)
  • The spirit of sparring is to work out a joint agreement to share experience and eliminate our defects
  • The sparring is legal, non-violent and often followed by an instructor or training partners
  • Emotional stress due to the clash is low

The sport fight. In many martial disciplines (eg. Kudo) is scheduled a sport application of fighting techniques:

  • In some cases there are protections (face, hands, genitals, teeth, etc.), in others do not
  • Clashes occur in limited environments, adapted, protected and muffled (mats, padded walls, etc.)
  • Hits are brought to sign with speed, power and technique but not with a deadly purpose, are nevertheless possible permanent damages
  • In case of use of weapons they are modified so as to not be lethal and / or large protections are worn
  • The goal is to prevail on the opponent with competitivity but with an almost “partial” attention of his physical safety (thanks to strict regulations)
  • In general, the clash end with the abandonment, the end of a predetermined time, a knockout, a prolonged immobilisation or the inability to continue of one of two challengers
  • The spirit of a sport confrontation is to apply fighting strategies in a competitive environment but limited by well-defined rules
  • The sportive clash is legal, needs correctness, mutual respect and is always followed by a referee who ensures consistency
  • Emotional stress due to the clash is high (the higher we climb the category)

Author: Master Kongling

Founder of 6 Dragons Kung Fu.

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